Lớp 8Tiếng Anh

Every year students in many countries learn english

Câu hỏi: Reading, choose the correct answers (A, B, C or D) 

   Every year students in many countries learn English. Some of these students are young children. Others are teenagers. Many are adults. Some learn at school. Others study by themselves. A few learn English just by hearing the language in films, on television, in the office or among their friends. But not many are lucky enough to do that. Most people must work hard on their lessons to learn another language. Many boys and girls learn English at school because it is one of their subjects. They study their own language, mathematics and English. In England, America or Australia, many boys and girls study their own language, which is English, mathematics and another language, perhaps French, German or Spanish. Many adults learn English because it is useful for their work. Teenagers often learn English for their higher studies because some of their books are in English at the college or university. Others people learn English because they want to read newspapers or magazines in English.

1. According to the writer __________.

Bạn đang xem: Every year students in many countries learn english

 A. no children like learning English 

B. English is learned by many generations

 C. only teenagers learn English 

D. English is useful only to adults 

2. Most people learn English by __________. 

A. watching videos only 

B. talking with the film stars 

C. hearing the language in this office 

D. working hard on their lessons 

3. Many boys and girls learn English because __________. 

A. their parents make them do it 

B. it is included in their study courses 

C. they have to study their own language 

D. English can give them a job 

4. In America and Australia, many school children study __________. 

A. English and mathematics only 

B. such foreign languages as French, German or Spanish 

C. English as a foreign language 

D. their own language and no foreign language 

5. Many adults learn English because __________. 

A. they want to read newspapers in English 

B. it is useful for their work 

C. they want to go abroad 

D. most of their books are in English

Trả lời:

1. B. English is learned by many generations 

=> Some of these students are young children. Others are teenagers. Many are adults. 

2. D. working hard on their lessons 

=> Most people must work hard on their lessons to learn another language. 

3. B. it is included in their study courses 

=> Many boys and girls learn English at school because it is one of their subjects. 

4. B. such foreign languages as French, German or Spanish 

=> In England, America or Australia, many boys and girls study their own language, which is English, mathematics and another language, perhaps French, German or Spanish. 

5. B. it is useful for their work 

=> Many adults learn English because it is useful for their work

Cùng THPT Đông Đô luyện tập thêm nhé!

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer shect to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 1 to 10.

   Plants and animals will find it difficult to escape from or adjust to the effect of global warming, Scientists have already observerd shifts in the lifecycles of many plants and animals, such as flowers blooming earlier and birds hatching earlier in the spring. Many species have begun shifting where they live or their annual migration patterns due to warmer temperatures.

    With further warming, animals will tend to migrate toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations. Plants will also attempt to shift their ranges, seeking new areas as old habitats grow too warm. In many places, however, human development will prevent these shifts. Species that find cities or farmland blocking their way north or south may become extinct. Species living in unique ecosystems, such as those found in polar and mountantop regions, are especially at risk because migration to new habitats is not possible. For example, polar bears and marine mammals in the Arctic are already threatened by dwindling sea ice but have nowhere farther to go.

    Projecting species extinction due to global warming is extremely difficult. Some scientists have estimated that 20 to 50 percent of species could be committed to extiction with 2 to 3 Celsius degrees of further warming. The rate of warming, not just the magnitude, is extremely important for plants and animals. Some species and even entire ecosystems, such as certain types of forest, many not be able to adjust quickly enough and may disappear.

    Ocean ecosystems, especially fragile ones like coral reefs, will also be affected by global warming. Warmer ocean temperatures can cause coral to “bleach”, a state which if prolonged will lead to the death of the coral. Scientists estimate that even 1 Celsius degree of additional warming could lead to widespread bleaching and death of coral reefs around the world. Also increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the ocean and increases the acidity of ocean waters. This acidification furter stresses ocean ecosystems.

Vocabulary

+ to escape from smt (v): thoát khỏi đâu

+ lifecycle (n): vòng đời

+ to bloorn (v): nở hoa

+ to hatch (v): sinh, đẻ

+ elevation (n): độ cao so với mực nước biển

+ habitat (n): môi trường sống

+ ecosystem (n): hệ sinh thái

+ dwindle (v): thoái hóa, suy đi/ nhỏ lại, thu lại, teo đi

+ magnitude (n): lượng, tầm lớn, độ lớn

+ fragile (adj): mỏng manh, dễ bị tổn thương, dễ bị phá hủy

+ coral reefs (n): rặng san hô

+ to bleach (v): làm chuội đi, biến mất đi

+ acidity (n): tính a xít

+ acidification (n): sự a xít hóa

Question 1: Scionlists have observed that warmer temperatures in the spring cause flowers to

A. die instantly 

B. bloom earlier 

C, become lighter              

D. lose color

Question 2: According to paragraph 2, when their habitats grow warmer, animali tend to move     .

A. south – eastwards and down mountainsides toward lower

B. north – westwards and up mountainsides toward higher

C. toward the North Pole and down mountainsides toward lower

D. toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher

Question 3: The pronoun “those” in paragraph 2 refers to                 .

A.species 

B. ecosystems 

C. habitats              

D. areas

Question 4: The phrase “dwindling sea ice” in paragraph 2 refers to               .

A. the frozen water in the Artie. 

B. the violent Arctic Ocean.

C. the melting ice in the Arctic. 

D. the cold ice in the Arctic.

Question 5: It is mentioned in the passage that if the global temperature rose by 2 or 3 Celcius degrees,         .

A. half of the earth’s surface would be

B. the sea level would rise by 20

C. water supply would decrease by 50

D. 20 to 50 percent of species could become

Question 6: According to the passage, if some species are not able to adjust quickly to warmer temperatures,         .

A. they may be endangered 

B. they can begin to develop

C. they will certainly need water. 

D. they move to tropical forests.

Question 7: The word “fragile” in paragraph 4 most probably means            .

A.very large 

B.easily damaged

C.rather strong 

D. pretty hard

Question 8: The bleaching of coral reefs as mentioned in paragraph 4 indicates                 .

A. the water absorption of coral reefs. 

B. the quick growth of marine mammals.

C. the blooming phase of sea weeds. 

D. the slow death of coral reefs.

Question 9: The level of acidity in the ocean is increased by               .

A. the rising amount of carbon dioxide entering the

B. the decrease of acidity of the pole

C. the extinction of species in coastal

D. the lose of acidity in the atmosphere around the

Question 10: What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. Influence of climate changes on human

B. Effects of global warming on animals and

C. Global warming and possible solutions

D. Global warming and species

ĐÁP ÁN

Question 1: Scientists have observed that warmer temperatures in the spring cause flower to     .

Plants and animals will find it difficult to escape from or adjust to the effect of global warming, Scientists have already observerd shifts in the lifecycles of many plants and animals, such as flowers blooming earlier and birds hatching earlier in the spring.

Các nhà khoa học thấy rằng nhiệt độ ấm hơn vào mùa xuân khiến cho các loài hoa:

=> B. bloom earlier (nở sớm hơn)

Question 2:

According  to  paragraph  2,  when  their  habitats  grow  warmer,  animals  tend  to move           .

With further warming, animals will tend to migrate toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations.

Khi môi trường sống của chúng trở nên ấm hơn, động vật có xu hướng di chuyển tới:

=> D. toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations, (về phía các cực và lên các triền núi tới những nơi cao hơn.)

Question 3:

Species living in unique ecosystems, such as those found in polar and mountaintop regions, are especially at risk because migration to new habitats is not possible.

=> A. species

Question 4:

For example, polar bears and marine mammals in the Arctic are already threatened by dwindling sea ice but have nowhere farther to go.

“dwindling sea ice” có thể đoán trong tình huống này là sự giảm dấn bẵng trên biển Bắc Cưc do ảnh hưởng của sự nóng lên toàn cẩu.

=> C. the melting ice in the Arctic.

Question 5:

It is mentioned in the passage that if the global temperature rose by 2 or 3 Celcius degrees.

Some scientists have estimated that 20 to 50 percent of species could be committed to extiction with 2 to 3 Celsius degrees of further warming.

Nếu nhiệt độ toàn cầu tăng thêm 2 hoặc 3 độ C:

=> D. 20 to 50 percent of species could become extinct. (20 đến 50% các loài có thể tuyệt chủng)

Question 6:

According to the passage, if some species are not able to adjust quickly to warmer temparatures.

Some species and even entire ecosystems, such as certain types of forest, many not be able to adjust quickiy enough and may disappear.

Nếu một vài loài khổng thể thích nghi nhanh với nhiệt độ nóng lên.

=> A. they may be endangered (chứng có thế gặp nguy hiểm)

Question 7:

“fragile”: easily broken or damaged (theo từ điển Oxford learners’dictionaries)

very large: rất lớn, rộng lớn

easily broken: mỏng manh, yếu ớt, dễ bị phá hủy

rather strong: khỏe

pretty hard: khá khó

=> B

Questions 8:

The bleaching of coral reefs as mentioned in paragraph 4 indicates.

Warmer ocean temperatures can cause coral to “bleach”, a state which if prolonged will lead to the death of the coral.

=> D. the slow death of coral reefs, (cái chết từ từ của những rặng san hô)

Question 9:

The level of acidity in the ocean is increased by

Also, increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the ocean and increases the acidity of ocean waters

=> A. the rising amount of carbon dioxide entering the ocean. (Sự tăng lượng khí C02 trong không khí ảnh hưởng đến đại dương và tăng nồng độ axit trong nước.)

Question 10:

Plants and animals will find it difficult to escape from or adjust to the effect of global warming.

With further warming, animals will tend to migrate toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations.

Projecting species extinction due to global warming is extremely difficult.

Ocean ecosystems, especially fragile ones like coral reefs, will also be affected by global warming.

Bài viết chủ yếu đề cập đến các ảnh hưởng của sự nóng lên toàn cầu đối với động vật và thực vật.

=> B đúng

Đăng bởi: Đại Học Đông Đô

Chuyên mục: Lớp 8, Tiếng Anh 8

Trả lời

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